The mystery of Stonehenge finally solved Archaeologist Cracked Stonehenge Mystery unearth stones’ EXACT quarry STONEHENGE’S painting pillars were dragged many miles overland to the mysterious Salisbury entanglement site somebody has claimed.
Quarries in Wales were raided by ancient Britons constructing Stonehenge 5,000 years ago have been identified by archaeologists. Two west Wales quarries were mined for the enormous stone pillars that still form part of the ancient monument.
And archaeologists are now convinced that our neolithic ancestors dragged the monoliths 180 miles back to the Stonehenge site in Salisbury, Wiltshire.
Researchers believe a rudimentary pulley system of logs and ropes was used to transport the mysterious stones. Each enormous rock weighs approximately 30 tonnes.
Experts have long been perplexed over Stonehenge’s Bluestones, monoliths with a chemical makeup alien to local Salisbury stone. A total of 43 Bluestones remain, although it is thought the monument originally had around 80.
Stonehenge: Archeologists have unearthed the exact quarry where the rocks were sourced.
Stonehenge: The enormous monoliths were dragged 180 miles back to Salisbury. The three years ago, scientists learned that all but one of the remaining bluestones come from Preseli Hills in Pembrokeshire, West Wales.
A team of British scientists has finally pinpointed the exact quarries used by Stonehenge’s builders. The logical organisation
“Every alternative Neolithic monument in Europe was designed of megaliths brought from no quite ten miles away. “We’re now looking to find out just what was so special about the Preseli hills 5,000 years ago, and whether there were any important stone circles here, built before the bluestones were moved to Stonehenge.”
The researchers matched the chemical makeup of Stonehenge’s bluestones with that of rocks found at two quarries across the Preseli hills. The largest quarry was nearly a hundred and eighty miles far from Stonehenge on the outcrop of Carn Goedog, on the north slope of the Preseli hills.
“At least five of Stonehenge’s bluestones, and probably more, came from Carn Goedog,” said Dr Richard Bevins, an expert at the National Museum of Wales. Stonehenge: Each enormous stone weighs approximately 30 tons Stonehenge: Experts used to believe the ancient stones were ferried to Salisbury by sea.
And another type of igneous rock named rhyolite, found at Stonehenge came from a spot in the valley nearby. The team also investigated how our prehistoric ancestors may have removed and moved the Bluestones.
The rocky outcrops are formed into natural pillars that may have been eased-off using wedges. And the rocks could then lowered them onto platforms at the outcrop’s base. Archaeological excavations have since confirmed this after scientists discovered the remains of man-made stone and earth platforms at each site.
“Bluestone pillars are shifted down adjacent this staging, which developed as a loading anchorage for diminishing them over wooden sledges before hauling them aside,”
Declared team division [Professor Colin Richards], from the University of the Highlands including Islands
The team currently thinks that Stonehenge was at the start a circle of rough, unworked bluestone pillars set in pits known as the Aubrey Holes, near Stonehenge.
Stonehenge: Other sandstone blocks were added 500 years later Sarsens, arenaceous rock blocks quarried close to the Wiltshire entanglement site, were added some 500 years later. The shock study is at odds with a popular theory suggesting the Bluestones were transported by sea to Stonehenge.
“Some people think that the bluestones were taken southwards to Milford Haven and placed on rafts or slung between boats and then paddled up. The Bristol Channel and along the Bristol Avon towards Harare Plain,” aforesaid academician Kate Welham, of Bournemouth University.
“But these quarries are on the north side of the Preseli hills so the megaliths could have simply gone overland all the way to Salisbury Plain.”